Difference between Sattu, Besan and Garbanzo Flour

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I have got so many queries on the difference between sattu and besan and many people often interchange them and use. Let me explain the difference between sattu, besan and garbanzo in a very simple language.

There are a couple of different types of chickpea flours, and the main difference between them is that they are made from two different types of chickpeas:

  1. Kabuli chickpeas or desi chickpeas and
  2. Brown chickpeas or bhuna channa

Kabuli Chickpeas

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Kabuli Chickpeas or desi chickpeas, tan coloured with which we all are familiar. It’s the white chickpea also called garbanzo beans. Garbanzo flour on the other hand is a white chickpea flour, which is made from these dried white chickpeas.

Since garbanzo beans are high in protein and fibre as well as several minerals and B vitamins, the flour is very nutritious. It is gluten free and used in many recipes like hummus, falafel, channa masala etc.

Brown Chickpeas

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The traditional kind of chickpea flour, which we call besan, is made from the darker version of brown chickpeas, also called kala channa or Bengal chickpeas. To make the flour or besan the dark hulls are removed from the dried chickpeas and then the inner seed is split.

The resulting split chickpea which we call is the channa dal, which can lead to a bit confusion as the word dal refers to the lentils. The split channa dal is in fact chickpeas. The flour made from white chickpeas is coarser but besan is fine powder.

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Sattu Flour

Next comes the sattu flour which is made from grinding the roasted dark coloured chickpeas with hulls still intact. Sattu is a flour very popular in Indian subcontinent. Rich in protein, fibre and many nutrients. It is called the “Powerhouse of energy”. Staple food of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Due to its high fibre, protein, carbohydrates, micronutrients content, it can act as a wholesome meal. During summers, because of the heat waves, we feel restless, fatigued, lack of energy, sattu drinks can help.

Garbanzo Flour vs Besan Flour vs Sattu Flour: Comparison

Homemade garbanzo flour (white chickpea flour)

Homemade Garbanzo flour (white chickpea flour)

How to make it?

  • Simply place the chickpeas in a high-speed blender and grind them into powder.
  • Sieve the flour to remove large lumps and then you can re- grind these lumps too.
  • Once done, store the chickpea flour in an airtight container.

Homemade Besan flour

How to make it?

  • First, dry roast the 2 cups of channa dal on medium flame for 3-5 minutes.
  • Transfer to a large plate and allow it to cool.
  • Blend to a fine powder. Sieve the flour with fine sieve.
  • Finely homemade gram flour is ready.
Homemade besan flour
Homemade sattu flour

Homemade Sattu flour

How to make it?

  • In a high-speed blender, add 1 cup roasted black channa with hulls still intact (bhuna channa).
  • Grind to form powder. Ready to use.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is sattu same as besan?

    No, Sattu is not besan. Sattu is obtained by grinding roasted black channa with the brown outer cover still intact where are besan is made by grinding the split chana dal.

  • Is sattu similar to whey protein?

    No, sattu is not a replacement for whey protein. Sattu contains much less amount of protein as compared to whey protein. 100 gms of sattu gives 20 gms of protein and 30 gms of whey protein (1 scoop) gives you 24 gms of protein.

  • What are the disadvantages of drinking sattu?

    Sattu can cause gas and bloating to some. So they should consume is less quantity.

  • Who should avoid sattu?

    People who have gall bladders stones and those suffering from gastric issues should avoid sattu.

  • Can sattu be used in pre and post workout meal?

    Sattu is not a replacement for whey protein but rather than always going for whey protein, go for natural form of protein.

  • How much protein in 100 gms of Sattu?

    100 gms of sattu contains 20 gms of protein and 416 calories.

  • Is sattu good for weight loss?

    2-3 tablespoons of sattu can be consumed in morning or mid morning drink. This has many calories to keep you fuller for long and can replace a full meal. It can be included in your weight loss diet.

  • Can we drink sattu daily?

    Yes, we can. It is a good source of protein, calcium , iron and other vitamins and minerals.

Hope the article was helpful. Let me know in the comment section what else you want me to write or talk about in my videos.

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About the author

Nidhi Gupta is an ACE certified personal trainer and nutritionist with over 10 years of experience helping people reach their fitness goals. She is passionate about helping people live healthier lives and loves sharing her knowledge and expertise with others. Get in touch with her to learn more about how she can help you on your fitness journey.
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